owders are made from all parts of the botanical: seeds, roots, berries, leaves, flowers, bark, etc. Ancient Chinese and Egyptian papyrus writings dating back five thousand years describe the use of botanicals for medicinal and healing purposes. Greek physicians in 100 CE prescribed willow bark as an anti-inflammatory. Hippocrates recommended chewing on willow bark to treat pain, inflammation, and fever. Willow-tree bark was eventually made synthetically into salicylic acid (from the Latin word salicin for “willow”), better known today as Aspirin. During the middle ages, the skills and knowledge of healing, as well as the cultivation and preparation of medicinal botanicals moved to the monastery. One of the oldest pharmacies in the world still open today is the Santa Maria Novella Pharmacia in Florence, Italy founded in 1221 by Dominican friars. In the 1600 hundreds, the pharmacy was opened to the public to provide its medicinal herbs. In the beginning of the 19th century, chemical analysis became available to scientists. They extracted and modified the active ingredients from plants to study their composition. Eventually, chemists began making their own versions of plant compounds to use as herbal medicines. In fact, there are many modern-day drugs that are derived from botanical material. Morphine is derived from the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Two anti-cancer drugs, Vinblastine and Vincristine, are extracted from the rosy periwinkle (Catharantus roseus). As you can see, botanical powders have made a major contribution to mankind throughout history with their nutrient-rich and beneficial properties. Many of them have characteristically beautiful, rich colors that are used as natural dyes. Some botanical powders act as a natural desiccant (wicks away moisture), have anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, and naturally soothe and smooth the skin. All of these qualities and properties make them a perfect, conscious choice to include in our formulas. Conscious Choice uses only USDA Certified Organic botanical powders that are made from freshly harvested plant material.