Written on labels as: Lead acetate, chromium, thimerosal, hydrogenated cotton seed oil, sodium hexametaphosphate
Found in the following products: Lipstick, whitening toothpaste, eyeliner, nail color, foundations, sunscreens, eye shadows, blush, concealer, moisturizers, eye drops and hair dye
Chemical purpose: Lead is a color additive.
Potential harmful risks:
Neurotoxin: Lead is a neurotoxin that is linked to learning, language and behavioral problems.
Reproductive and developmental risks: Lead is linked to hormonal changes, reduced fertility in both men and women and menstrual irregularities. Lead is known to cause miscarriages in pregnant women. Lead has been linked to a delay in puberty in girls and development of testes in boys.
Lead is banned in cosmetics in Canada, Japan and the European Union.
Wu, H. M., Lin-Tan, D. T., Wang, M. L., Huang, H. Y., Lee, C. L., Wang, H. S., … & Lin, J. L. (2012). Lead level in seminal plasma may affect semen quality for men without occupational exposure to lead. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 10(1), 91.
Snijder, C. A., te Velde, E., Roeleveld, N., & Burdorf, A. (2012). Occupational exposure to chemical substances and time to pregnancy: a systematic review.Human reproduction update, 18(3), 284-300.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) (2007). Toxicological profile for Lead. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.